Sociologie Du D veloppement
Ce contenu est une compilation d'articles de l'encyclop die libre Wikipedia. Pages: 50. Non illustr . Chapitres: Ren Dumont, Ch mage, In galit, Revenu minimum d'insertion, Monde agricole en France depuis 1945, Condition paysanne en France du XIXe au XXIe si cle, Th orie des vagues de d veloppement, Don, Durabilit, Vuln rabilit sociale, In galit?'s financi res, Th orie de la d pendance, mergence du capitalisme selon Max Weber, Andr -Jacques Holbecq, Bibliographie en sociologie du d veloppement, Th orie de la modernisation, Naming the enemy, Sociologues sans fronti res, Fracture sociale, La Mis re du monde, Philippe Derudder, Taux d'alphab tisation, Meilleure technique disponible, Observatoire des in galit s, Contrat d'insertion-revenu minimum d'activit, Immigration: 30 ans d'illusions, Paup risation, L'Enfance du monde. Extrait: Une in galit est une diff rence per ue comme injuste dans la distribution de ressources sociales (ressource au sens le plus large, incluant toutes les possibilit?'s d'actions humaines: politique, conomique, culturelle, sociale, sexuelle, etc.), issue d'une action per ue comme sociale et non comme produit d'une histoire personnelle individuelle. Il existe n cessairement des diff rences objectives d'acc?'s aux ressources, du fait de leur raret . Mais il faut plus pour que ces diff rences soient per ues comme des in galit?'s: il faut une notion d'injustice, une remise en cause de la l gitimit du mode de d signation de ceux qui seront les lus, voire de leur existence m me. La m me possibilit de p cher ne sera pas interpr t e de la m me fa on qu'elle est obtenue par h ritage, par faveur du pouvoir, ou par examen ou concours ouvert tous ceux qui le souhaitaient, et selon l'usage social consid r comme normal. Des in galit?'s peuvent donc apparaitre (et disparaitre), non par changement de situation, mais par changement de norme sociale de r f rence. Des changements dans la valeur subjectivement accord e la ressource peuvent avoir le...
Ce contenu est une compilation d'articles de l'encyclop die libre Wikipedia. Pages: 217. Non illustr . Chapitres: Genre, Capital, Culture, Matriarcat, Synergie, Suicide, Capital culturel, Th orie du complot, Lutte des classes, Propri t sociale, Mobilit sociale, Leadership, Capital social, Fonctionnalisme, Ethnie, Insertion sociale et professionnelle, Th orie de l'acteur-r seau, Autorit, Rastaquou re, Comportement, Communaut, Technocratie, Sens commun, Contr le social, H t rosexisme, Espace, Conscience historique, Consensus, Espace public, Bouc missaire, R seau social, Mat rialisme historique, Socialisation, Loi des trois tats, D senchantement du monde, Exclusion sociale, Don, Classe sociale, Vuln rabilit sociale, Biopolitique, Institution, Proph tie autor alisatrice, Bureaucratie, Hyst r sis, Repr sentation sociale, Participation, Responsabilit sociale, Th mes et articles de base en sociologie, Soci t, Conflit, Paradigme, Relativisme culturel, Patriarcat, Stratification sociale, Solidarit, Consultation, Ali nation, Acculturation, Foule, Pouvoir, Cycle de vie, Conscience de classe, Soci t civile, Tradition, Mode de vie, Communaut de pratique, mergence du capitalisme selon Max Weber, Coh sion sociale, R silience communautaire, Anomie, Institution disciplinaire, Interaction, Habitus, Id al-type, Id e re ue, Conscience collective, R seau social d'entreprise, Phallocratie, Loi d'airain de l'oligarchie, Infrastructure et superstructure, D viance, Organisation sociale, R putation, D terminisme social, Microsociologie, Asabiyya, Action sociale, Domination, Numen, Fait social, Statut social, conomisme, Lien social, Biopouvoir, Valeur, Consommation ostentatoire, Attitude, Soci tologie, Cercle social, M thode du consensus, Confiance, Moyennisation, L gitimit, Scatophilie, Micropolitique, Contributeur, Macrosociologie, Nombre de Dunbar, Entrepreneur de morale, Loi de la controverse de Bendford, Pouvoir politique, Scatologie, Relais d'opinion, M moire collecti...
The Spectatorship of Suffering
`The work is on an important topic that has been oft debated but rarely systematically studied - the political, cultural, and moral effects of distant news coverage of suffering. [The book] is extremely well steeped in the relevant literature, including semiotics, discourse analysis, media and social theory and makes a fresh methodological contribution by looking at the codes and formats of news about suffering. It has a fresh vision and answer to some of the stickiest moral and media problems of our time... and deserves to find its place among important books about the moral aspects of media and society in our times' - John D Peters, F. Wendell Miller Distinguished Professor, University of Iowa `Lilie Chouliaraki grounds her sophisticated arguments in meticulous research. The result is a work of important scholarship that might even make us think about the world and its mediation in profoundly new ways' - Roger Silverstone, Professor of Media and Communications, The London School of Economics and Political Science `Few intellectuals command this scope from classical rhetoric to the cutting edge of contemporary social theory as [Lillie Chouliaraki] is doing in her new book The Spectatorship of Suffering. This book is destined, in my mind, to be foundational for our understanding of not just the media but of the highly complex social process of mediation' - Ron Scollon, Professor of Linguistics, Georgetown University This book is about the relationship between the spectators in countries of the west, and the distant sufferer on the television screen; the sufferer in Somalia, Nigeria, Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, but also from New York and Washington DC. How do we relate to television images of the distant sufferer? This question touches on the ethical role of the media in public life today. It addresses the issue of whether the media can cultivate a disposition of care for and engagement with the far away other; whether television can create a global public with a sense of social responsibililty towards the distant sufferer.
Sexual Interactions and HIV Risk
How sexual risk is negotiated betwen partners is an area of considerable theoretical interest, with the dominant models of analysis focusing on individual decisions to engage in sexual behaviour and relying on "rational" decision-making. This work, based on the findings from work coordinated by the Centre d'Etudes Sociologiques in Brussels, offers a social critique of the theories and perspectives which have currently been brought to bear in the study of sexual risk behaviour and HIV. Leading European researchers offer a conceptual framework for analysis based on sexual interactions and their social context. The practical relevance of new perspectives on sexual behaviour in the context of HIV/AIDS prevention is also discussed.
Between Hope and Despair
At the end of a century of unfathomable suffering, societies are facing anew the question of how events that shock, resist assimilation, and evoke contradictory and complex responses should be remembered. Between Hope and Despair specifically examines the pedagogical problem of how remembrance is to proceed when what is to be remembered is underscored by a logic difficult to comprehend and subversive of the humane character of existence. This pedagogical attention to practices of remembrance reflects the growing cognizance that hope for a just and compassionate future lies in the sustained, if troubled, working through of these issues.
Hacking Exposed Web 2 0 Web 2 0 Security Secrets and Solutions
Lock down next-generation Web services "This book concisely identifies the types of attacks which are faced daily by Web 2.0 sites, and the authors give solid, practical advice on how to identify and mitigate these threats." --Max Kelly, CISSP, CIPP, CFCE, Senior Director of Security, Facebook Protect your Web 2.0 architecture against the latest wave of cybercrime using expert tactics from Internet security professionals. Hacking Exposed Web 2.0 shows how hackers perform reconnaissance, choose their entry point, and attack Web 2.0-based services, and reveals detailed countermeasures and defense techniques. You'll learn how to avoid injection and buffer overflow attacks, fix browser and plug-in flaws, and secure AJAX, Flash, and XML-driven applications. Real-world case studies illustrate social networking site weaknesses, cross-site attack methods, migration vulnerabilities, and IE7 shortcomings. Plug security holes in Web 2.0 implementations the proven Hacking Exposed way Learn how hackers target and abuse vulnerable Web 2.0 applications, browsers, plug-ins, online databases, user inputs, and HTML forms Prevent Web 2.0-based SQL, XPath, XQuery, LDAP, and command injection attacks Circumvent XXE, directory traversal, and buffer overflow exploits Learn XSS and Cross-Site Request Forgery methods attackers use to bypass browser security controls Fix vulnerabilities in Outlook Express and Acrobat Reader add-ons Use input validators and XML classes to reinforce ASP and .NET security Eliminate unintentional exposures in ASP.NET AJAX (Atlas), Direct Web Remoting, Sajax, and GWT Web applications Mitigate ActiveX security exposures using SiteLock, code signing, and secure controls Find and fix Adobe Flash vulnerabilities and DNS rebinding attacks
Annette Baier delivers an appeal for our fundamental moral notions to be governed not by rules and codes but by trust: a moral prejudice. Along the way, she gives us the best feminist philosophy there is. Baierâe(tm)s topics range from violence to love, from cruelty to justice, and are linked by a preoccupation with vulnerability and inequality of vulnerability, with trust and distrust of equals, with cooperation and isolation. Throughout, she is concerned with the theme of womenâe(tm)s roles. In this provocative exploration of the implications of trusting to trust rather than proscription, Baier interweaves anecdote and autobiography with readings of Hume and Kant to produce an entertaining, challenging, and highly readable book.
Reset Your Child s Brain
Increasing numbers of parents grapple with children who are acting out without obvious reason. Revved up and irritable, many of these children are diagnosed with ADHD, bipolar illness, autism, or other disorders but don’t respond well to treatment. They are then medicated, often with poor results and unwanted side effects. Based on emerging scientific research and extensive clinical experience, integrative child psychiatrist Dr. Victoria Dunckley has pioneered a four-week program to treat the frequent underlying cause, Electronic Screen Syndrome (ESS). Dr. Dunckley has found that everyday use of interactive screen devices — such as computers, video games, smartphones, and tablets — can easily overstimulate a child’s nervous system, triggering a variety of stubborn symptoms. In contrast, she’s discovered that a strict, extended electronic fast single-handedly improves mood, focus, sleep, and behavior, regardless of the child’s diagnosis. It also reduces the need for medication and renders other treatments more effective. Offered now in this book, this simple intervention can produce a life-changing shift in brain function and help your child get back on track — all without cost or medication. While no one in today’s connected world can completely shun electronic stimuli, Dr. Dunckley provides hope for parents who feel that their child has been misdiagnosed or inappropriately medicated, by presenting an alternative explanation for their child’s difficulties and a concrete plan for treating them.