Navires et construction navale au Moyen Age
Cet ouvrage propose une lecture archéologique de l'histoire de l'architecture navale maritime médiévale. Si les épaves de navires de mer en constituent bien évidemment les premières sources, les autres sources historiques, écrites et iconographiques, ainsi que les sources ethnographiques et expérimentales, sont également prises en compte. Dans cet ouvrage, les bateaux médiévaux ont été envisagés en tant que complexes et systèmes techniques mais toujours en relation avec leur contexte historique et géographique. L'objectif est d'aller au-delà de la seule analyse des structures architecturales et de tenter de restituer, à partir de celles-ci, les savoirs et les savoir-faire, les gestes et les pratiques techniques, le "penser" et le "faire", pour retrouver les charpentiers des bateaux du Moyen Age et leur culture technique. Les limites chronologiques sont comprises entre la fin du v0 siècle et la fin du XVe siècle, et correspondent à deux moments historiques forts de transition des techniques de construction navale en Méditerranée et en Atlantique. Les limites géographiques se situent à l'échelle large de l'Europe du Nord et du Sud c'est-à-dire aux espaces nautiques maritimes de l'Atlantique à la Baltique d'une part et du bassin occidental et oriental de la Méditerranée d'autre part. L'auteur aborde notamment la tradition architecturale du clin en Scandinavie et au-delà de la Baltique, la technique de construction des cogues, la "mystérieuse" houlque, la tradition méditerranéenne du franc-bord, ainsi que les différentes transitions architecturales au cours d'un large Moyen Age pour ouvrir une nouvelle réflexion sur dix siècles d'histoire de l'architecture et de la construction navale européenne.
Gestes techniques techniques du geste
Le geste technique est reconnu comme partie intégrante d'un « patrimoine immatériel » par la richesse inégalée des métiers vivants. Comment comprendre ce mouvement du corps ouvrier dans toutes ses nuances, au fil du temps, grâce aux mots, aux images et aux traces matérielles ? L’ouvrage est un hommage à l’anthropologue François Sigaut (1940-2012)..
The Ruins of the Most Beautiful Monuments of Greece
Julien-David Le Roy's Les ruines des plus beaux monuments de la Grece, initially issued in 1758, first revealed to European eyes the wonders of Greek classical architecture. Overnight, Greece became the rage, much to the chagrin of Giovanni Battista Piranesi and other defenders of the genius of Rome. The impact of the volume's splendid engravings of Athens's ancient ruins on contemporary aesthetics was heightened, particularly in the much-expanded edition of 1770, by its two highly provocative theoretical essays. In one, Le Roy set forth a compelling linear history of the conceptual forms of architecture that began in Egypt, moved to Greece, then Rome, and finally modern Europe. In the other, seeking to express the experience of architectural form and its effects, Le Roy gave new voice to feeling. Here the second edition of Les ruines is published in English for the first time, framed by Robin Middleton's sweeping exposition of both the intellectual milieu out of which Le Roy's work emerged and the controversies it generated.
The Celtic Ring
On a dark night in the Danish harbour of Dragor, Ulf is handed a logbook by a lone sailor who then disappears. The bizarre events recorded in the log lead to a harrowing winter crossing of the North Sea.
The art of rigging
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Monarchs Ministers and Maps
These diverse essays investigate political factors behind the rapid development of cartography in Renaissance Europe and its impact on emerging European nations. By 1500 a few rulers had already discovered that better knowledge of their lands would strengthen their control over them; by 1550, the cartographer's art had become an important instrument for bringing territories under the control of centralized government. Throughout the following century increasing governmental reliance on maps demanded greater accuracy and more sophisticated techniques. This volume, a detailed survey of the political uses of cartography between 1400 and 1700 in Europe, answers these questions: When did monarchs and ministers begin to perceive that maps could be useful in government? For what purposes were maps commissioned? How accurate and useful were they? How did cartographic knowledge strengthen the hand of government? By focusing on particular places and periods in early modern Europe, the chapters offer new insights into the growth of cartography as a science, the impetus behind these developments - often rulers attempting to expand their power - and the role of mapmaking in European history. The essay on Poland reveals that cartographic progress came only under the impetus of powerful rulers; another explores the French monarchy's role in the burst of scientific cartography that marked the opening of the "splendid century". Additional chapters discuss the profound influence of cartographic ideas on the English aristocracy during the sixteenth century, the relation of progress in mapmaking to imperialistic goals of the Spanish and Austrian Habsburgs, and the supposed primacy of Italian mapmakingfollowing the Renaissance. Contributors to this volume are Peter Barber, David Buisseret, John Marino, Michael J. Mikos, Geoffrey Parker, and James Vann. These essays were originally presented as the Kenneth Nebenzahl, Jr., Lectures in the History of Cartography at the Newberry Library.
Convergence of Productivity
This comprehensive study is a collection of original articles that view the current state of knowledge of the convergence hypothesis. The hypothesis asserts that at least since the Second World War, and perhaps for a considerable period before that, the group of industrial countries was growing increasingly homogeneous in terms of levels of productivity, technology and per capita incomes. In addition, there was general catch up toward the leader, with gradual erosion of the gap between the leader country, the U.S., throughout most of the pertinent period, and that of the countries lagging most closely behind it. The book examines patterns displayed by individual industries within countries as well as the aggregate economies, various influences that underlie the process of convergence that seems to have occurred, and the role that convergence has played and promises to play in the future of the newly industrialized nations and the less developed countries. Much of the analysis is set in a historical perspective, with particular attention paid to the record following World War II. The prestigious editors conclude that increasing productivity is the key to rising living standards in a globalized marketplace. Contributors include: Moses Abramovitz, Alice M. Amsden, Magnus Blomstrom, David Dollar, Takashi Hikino, Gregory Ingram, William Lazonick, Frank Lichtenberg, Robert E. Lipsey, Angus Maddison, Gavin Wright, and Mario Zejan.
A Book of Conquest
How did Islam come to India? Why is this question of such great significance to formations of political thought in South Asia? This book examines the longue dureae history--from the early thirteenth century to the twenty-first--of a particular text, Chachnama, written in Uch Sharif. The Book of Chach (Chachnama) was written in 1226 CE and provided an account, in Persian, of the 712 CE conquest of Sind by the armies of Muhammad bin Qasim. This early regional history became the foundation for British colonial efforts to cast Muslim rule in India as one of despotic foreigners--a rule to be replaced by the benevolent British one. Asif explores an interconnected Indian Ocean geography which linked sailors, merchants, and literati across divisions of religion and polities. In Chachnama, we find one of the earliest articulation of a political theory that was demonstrably polyglossic, multivalent, and deeply embedded in both the Indic and the Islamic ethos. This examination of Chachnama informs a reconstruction of a intermingled political world at the heart of the text--a world that is subsequently recast by colonial historiography in terms of stark difference alone: Muslim invaders versus Hindu subjects. This work is a bold rearticulation of a medieval imagination that reconciled power and politics in ways that appear incongruous to our present day politics. It takes aim at the fundamental way in which the modern state of Pakistan imagines itself--as a polity ideologically founded in "712 A.D." by the "First Citizen" Muhammad bin Qasim, and has implications for our contemporary understanding of religious difference and theologically based nationalisms.--
Augustus Carp Esq
It is customary, I have noticed, in publishing an autobiography to preface it with some sort of apology. But there are times, and surely the present is one of them, when to do so is manifestly unnecessary. In an age when every standard of decent conduct has either been torn down or is threatened with destruction; when every newspaper is daily reporting scenes of violence, divorce, and arson; when quite young girls smoke cigarettes and even, I am assured, sometimes cigars; when mature women, the mothers of unhappy children, enter the sea in one-piece bathing-costumes; and when married men, the heads of households, prefer the flicker of the cinematograph to the Athanasian Creed -- then it is obviously a task, not to be justifiably avoided, to place some higher example before the world. For some time -- I am now forty-seven -- I had been feeling this with increasing urgency. And when not only my wife and her four sisters, but the vicar of my parish, the Reverend Simeon Whey, approached me with the same suggestion, I felt that delay would amount to sin. That sin, by many persons, is now lightly regarded, I am, of course, only too well aware. That its very existence is denied by others is a fact equally familiar to me. But I am not one of them. On every ground I am an unflinching opponent of sin. I have continually rebuked it in others. I have strictly refrained from it in myself. And for that reason alone I have deemed it incumbent upon me to issue this volume.