Th ories et concepts des relations internationales Livre de l l ve Edition 2001
I Les approches théoriques. 1 - La théorie réaliste. 2 - La théorie libérale. 3 - La théorie marxiste. 4 - Les renouveaux théoriques. II Les acteurs. 5 - L'État. 6 - Les organisations intergouvernementales. 7 - Les acteurs non étatiques. III Les processus de la vie politique mondiale. 8 - Le conflit. 9 - La coopération. 10 - Les recompositions du système international.
Today, cyber security, cyber defense, information warfare and cyber warfare issues are among the most relevant topics both at the national and international level. All the major states of the world are facing cyber threats and trying to understand how cyberspace could be used to increase power. Through an empirical, conceptual and theoretical approach, Cyber Conflict has been written by researchers and experts in the fields of cyber security, cyber defense and information warfare. It aims to analyze the processes of information warfare and cyber warfare through historical, operational and strategic perspectives of cyber attack. It is original in its delivery because of its multidisciplinary approach within an international framework, with studies dedicated to different states – Canada, Cuba, France, Greece, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Slovenia and South Africa – describing the state’s application of information warfare principles both in terms of global development and “local” usage and examples. Contents 1. Canada’s Cyber Security Policy: a Tortuous Path Toward a Cyber Security Strategy, Hugo Loiseau and Lina Lemay. 2. Cuba: Towards an Active Cyber-defense, Daniel Ventre. 3. French Perspectives on Cyber-conflict, Daniel Ventre. 4. Digital Sparta: Information Operations and Cyber-warfare in Greece, Joseph Fitsanakis. 5. Moving Toward an Italian Cyber Defense and Security Strategy, Stefania Ducci. 6. Cyberspace in Japan’s New Defense Strategy, Daniel Ventre. 7. Singapore’s Encounter with Information Warfare: Filtering Electronic Globalization and Military Enhancements, Alan Chong. 8. A Slovenian Perspective on Cyber Warfare, Gorazd Praprotnik, Iztok Podbregar, Igor Bernik and Bojan Ticar. 9. A South African Perspective on Information Warfare and Cyber Warfare, Brett van Niekerk and Manoj Maharaj. 10. Conclusion, Daniel Ventre
International Relations in Europe
A new and illuminating critical examination of international relations in Europe. This new volume presents all of the state of the art thinking, focusing particularly on international relations theory and theoretical debates in Western and Central European countries. The contributors seek to strengthen knowledge about different ways of cultivating the discipline; to intensify pan-European communication concerning IR theory; to contribute to improving the quality of theorizing; and finally to consider future directions for the discipline in Europe. The main issues addressed include: the historical development of the discipline; factors driving IR theorizing; the institutional and cultural context of theorizing; 'homegrown' theory-building vs. theory import; patterns of traditional and new discourse; and the diversity of disciplinary traditions.
The Routledge Companion to Humanitarian Action
The Companion on Humanitarian Action addresses the political, ethical, legal and practical issues which influence reactions to humanitarian crisis. It does so by exploring the daily dilemmas faced by a range of actors, including policy makers, aid workers, the private sector and the beneficiaries of aid and by challenging common perceptions regarding humanitarian crisis and the policies put in place to address these. Through such explorations, it provides practitioners and scholars with the knowledge needed to both understand and improve upon current forms of humanitarian action. The Companion will be of use to those interested a range of humanitarian programmes ranging from emergency medical assistance, military interventions, managing refugee flows and the implementation of international humanitarian law. As opposed to addressing specific programmes, it will explore five themes seen as relevant to understanding and engaging in all modes of humanitarian action. The first section explores varying interpretations of humanitarianism, including critical historical and political-economic explanations as well as more practice based explorations focused on notions needs assessments and evaluation. Following this, readers will be exposed to the latest debates on a range of humanitarian principles including neutrality and sovereignty, before exploring the key issues faced by the main actors involved in humanitarian crisis (from international NGOs to local community based organizations). The final two sections address what are seen as key dilemmas in regards to humanitarian action and emerging trends in the humanitarian system, including the increasing role of social media in responding to crises. Whilst not a ‘how to guide’, the Companion contains many practical insights for policy makers and aid workers, whilst also offering analytical insights for students of humanitarian action. Indeed, throughout the book, readers will come to the realization that understanding and improving humanitarian action simultaneously requires both active critical reflection and an acceptance of the urgency and timeliness of action that is required for humanitarian assistance to have an impact on vital human needs. Exploring a sector that is far from homogenous, both practitioners and scholars alike will find the contributions of this book offers them a deeper understanding of the motivations and mechanics of current interventions, but also insight into current changes and progress occurring in the field of humanitarian practice.
The Many Faces of National Security in the Arab World
Two Gulf wars and the continuing Arab-Israeli conflict have highlighted the salience of military factors in the Middle East. This book argues, however, that many of the most serious 'security' challenges to Arab states and societies are rooted not in external military threats but in the imperatives of socio-economic development. Contributors examine the regional security environment; the social and political impact of regional militarization; and underdevelopment as a source of regional insecurity.
Action and Reaction in the World System
This book occupies the same niche as Raymond Aron's 1962 classic, Peace and War. While Aron wrote during the Cold War, Thierry de Montbrial writes about the post-Soviet international system, a system that is multipolar, ideologically heterogeneous, and thus highly unstable. In this book, he lays the foundation for a praxeology, or a "science of action," to facilitate a better understanding of the dynamics of international problems and a more systematic approach to policy making. A major contribution to international relations theory and winner of the 2002 Georges Pompidou Prize, this book offers the necessary keys to decrypt the international system in the twenty-first century.
Intl Biblio Pol SC 1965
Each Bibliography lists and annotates the most important works published during the year. They are arranged by topic and indexed by author, subject, and geographic location.
The Autonomy of Community Law
Does European Community law represent a new kind of transnational constitutional law? The question is important in the long term because it relates to the future of Europe. More immediately, it concerns the manner in which Community law is interpreted by courts. According to the case law of several national courts, Community law is a special form of international law, ultimately controlled by the Member States. According to the case law of the European Court of Justice, however, it is a form of constitutional law which cannot be controlled by national courts. In the European Court's case law the special nature of Community is described in terms of 'autonomy'. In this ground-breaking book, a major scholar of European law rigorously demonstrates that this concept arises organically from the origin, system and content of the European treaties; it is in fact an interpretation of Community law according to its own system, independent of national law. On this basis the book clearly explains what the special nature of Community law amounts to and the theoretical and practical consequences that follow from this interpretation. Professor Barents shows why Community law can be seen as a clear example of a new phenomenon: the emergence of non-national or global law, reflecting the reality that in the process of globalisation the nation-state begins to lose its control over the law applicable in its territory. In this stimulating context, many of the difficult issues that often arise in discussions of Community law are treated in depth, including the following: the relationship between national law and international law in general and the relationship between Community law and national law in particular (primacy, direct effect); the process of constitutionalisation of Community law; the 'battle' between national constitutional courts and the European Court of Justice; the significance of Community law for the law of the European Union; the 'penetration' of Community law into the national legal orders; the role of national courts in the application of Community law; the ultimate source of the powers of the Community; the extension of Community law to the fields of penal law and police cooperation; the significance of the internal market for Community law; the principle of uniform application and interpretation of Community law; and, Community law as a forerunner of global law. All relevant UK, German, French, Dutch, Spanish, Italian and US literature has been taken into account, as well as the case law of various national constitutional courts. On each issue and topic extensive bibliographies are contained in the footnotes. As the current intergovernmental conference deliberates on a constitution for the European Union, this new and seminal work by Professor Barents is of great significance. It is sure to be avidly consulted by academics and practitioners in Community law, the law of international organisations, international relations, and national constitutional law. The first edition of this book appeared in Dutch in 2000. For this first English edition, the text has been extensively revised to take new developments into account.
International Relations in France
Why is the French International Relations (IR) discipline different from the transnational-American discipline? By analysing argument structures in research articles across time, this book shows how the discipline in France is caught between the American character of the discipline and the French state as regulator of legitimate forms of expression. Concretely, French research arguments are less explicit about what their propositions are and what academic discussions they draw on and add to than their transnational-American counterparts. Based on a comparative case study of French and American IR research from 1950 to 2011, the book is a major contribution to the meta-IR literature on global, regional and national traditions of IR. The challenge to the French discipline of whether and how to position itself in relation to the evolving American discipline is in many ways exemplary for other non-American national IR disciplines, and the choices as well as the structural conditions underlying the French case are relevant to all non-Western disciplines. The comparative analysis moreover reveals that the modern American discipline -- what is considered as recognisable social science -- takes shape only during the 1970s. The book thus offers new knowledge about the discipline's international development as such. Both case and methodology are interesting to larger audiences outside IR, in the history and sociology of social science, contrastive rhetoric, as well as French and cultural studies.
Theory and Politics of the Law of Nations
Emergence of the modern science of international law is usually attributed to Grotius and other somewhat heroic ‘founders of international law.’ This book offers a more worldly explanation why it was developed mostly by German writers in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.